The supererogatory acts of prayer are many. Some of them are as follows:
- The opening dua of the prayer (Istiftaah).
- Placing the right hand over the left with both over the chest while I the standing position before and after the Ruku’.
- Raising the hands up to the level of the sholders or near the ears with the fingers being close together (not separated) when saying Allahu Akbar at the beginning of the prayer, when performing the Ruku’, when resuming the standing position after Ruku’ and when standing to begin the third unit (rak’ah) of the prayer after the first Tashahhud.
- Saying “Subhaana Rabbi Al-Atheem and Subhaana Rabbi Al-A’la more than once in Ruku’ and Sujud, respectively.
- Whatever additional dhikr or dua (supplication) one makes after saying (Rabbanaa Wa Lakal-Hamd) upon rising from the Ruku’ and any repetition of the duas said between the two prostrations like saying: “Rabbighfir li warhamni wahdini warzuqni Wa ‘Aafini, waburni” meaning (O’ Allah, grant me forgiveness, have mercy on me, guide me, provide me with your blessings and console me).
- Bowing down making the head and back on one level during the Ruku’ position.
- While prostrating (sujud), the arms should not be close to the sides nor the abdomen to the thighs or the thighs to the legs.
- Raising the arms above the ground during prostration.
- Sitting between prostrations on the outer side of the left foot (i, e laying it flat) keeping the right foot erected with the internal pars of the toes touching the ground. The same position is to be taken while sitting in the first part of Tashahhud.
- Taking the position of “Tawarruk” during the recitation of the last Tashahhud of the three units and four units prayers: the person sits on his left foot laid down with his right foot erected.
- Pointing the index finger during the first and second Tashahhud right from when he sits till the end of the Tashahhud and moving it while making du’a.
- Praying for the Prophet and the family of Muhammad, Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim (as in Tashahhud) (Peace be upon them).
- Making du’a following the recitation of the last Tashahhud.
- Performing the early morning Prayer (Fajr) and the first two units of sunset (Maghrib) and the evening prayer (Ishaa) with an audible voice.
- Whispering the recitation in the noon (Thuhr), late afternoon (Asr), the third raka’ of the sunset (Masghrib) prayer and the last two raka’ahs of the evening prayers.
- Reciting another passage from the Qur’an after the opening Surah Al-Fatihah.
- Placing the hands on the two knees with the fingers being separated during Ruku’ position.
- Any additional dhikr or du’a one makes after saying ‘Rabbanaa Wa Lakal-Hamd’ upon rising from the Ruku’ with respect to the Imam, the one praying behind him and the individual (one praying alone).
The Tashahhud is in two parts:
Part one: to say “Attahiyyaatu lallaahi wassalawaatu wattayyibaat, As-salaamu ‘Alan-nabee wa rahmatu-llahi wa barakatuh, Assalamu alayna wa a’la ibad illahis-saalihin, Ash-hadu al- laa ilaaha illallaah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Abuhu wa Rasulah.”
Part Two: to pray and seek for blessings from Allah on behalf of the holy prophet (p) by saying:
“Allaaumma Salli ‘alaa Muhammad Wa ‘alaa a’ali Muhammad kama Sallaita ‘ala Ibraheema Wa ‘ala a’ali Ibraheem Innaka Hameedun Majeed. Wa Baarik ‘alaa Muhammad Wa ‘alaa a’ali Muhammad kama baarakta ‘alaa Ibraheema wa ‘ala a’al Ibraheem Innaka Hameedun Majeed.”