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Witr Salah — March 23, 2012

Witr Salah

Witr PrayerWitr prayer is one of the greatest acts of worship that draw one closer to Allâh. Some of the scholars – the Hanafis – even thought that it is one of the obligatory prayers, but the correct view is that it is one of the confirmed Sunnahs (Sunnah mu’akkadah) which the Muslim should observe regularly and not neglect.

Imam Ahmad (رحمه الله) said: Whoever neglects Witr is a bad man whose testimony should not be accepted. This indicates that Witr prayer is something that is confirmed.

Timing of Witr prayer

It starts when a person has prayed ‘Isha’, (even if it is joined to Maghrib at the time of Maghrib), and lasts until dawn begins, because the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Allâh has prescribed for you a prayer (by which He may increase your reward), which is Witr; Allâh has enjoined it for you during the time between ‘Isha’ prayer .until dawn begins.”

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 425; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi)

Is it better to offer Witr prayer at the beginning of its time or to delay it?

The Sunnah indicates that if a person thinks he will be able to get up at the end of the night, it is better to delay it, because prayer at the end of the night is better and is witnessed (by the angels). But whoever fears that he will not get up at the end of the night should pray Witr before he goes to sleep, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir (رضي الله عنه) who said: The Messenger of Allâh (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Whoever fears that he will not get up at the end of the night, let him pray Witr at the beginning of the night, but whoever thinks that he will be able to get up at the end of the night, let him pray Witr at the end of the night, for prayer at the end of the night is witnessed (by the angels) and that is better.” (Muslim, 755)

The number of rak’ahs of Witr prayer

The MINIMUM number of rak’ahs for Witr is one rak’ah, because the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Witr is one rak’ah at the end of the night.” (Muslim, 752).

And he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “The night prayers are two (rak’ahs) by two, but if one of you fears that dawn is about to break, let him pray one rak’ah to make what he has prayed odd-numbered.” (al-Bukhari, 911; Muslim, 749).

If a person limits himself to praying one rak’ah, then he has performed the Sunnah. But Witr may also be three or five or seven or nine.

Prophet prayed Witr in different ways

He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed one rak’ah, and three, and five, and seven, and nine. And he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed three rak’ahs in two different ways, either continuously with one tashahhud, or saying salaam after two rak’ahs and praying one rak’ah and saying salaam after it.

He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) did not pray it like Maghrib, with two tashahhuds and one salaam. Rather he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) forbade doing that, and said:

“Do not pray Witr with three rak’ahs like Maghrib.”

(Narrated by al-Haakim, 1/403; al-Bayhaqi, 3/31; al-Daaraqutni, p. 172)

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari (4/301): Its isnaad fulfils the conditions of the two Shaykhs (al-Bukhari and Muslim)

If a person prays three rak’ahs of Witr this may be done in two ways, both of which are prescribed in sharee’ah:

1 – To pray them one after another, with one tashahhud, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (رضي الله عنها) who said: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used not to say the tasleem in the (first) two rakahs of Witr. According to another version: “He used to pray Witr with three rak’ahs and he did not sit except in the last of them.”

(Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 3/234; al-Bayhaqi, 3/31. al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (4/7): it was narrated by al-Nasaa’i with a hasan isnaad, and by al-Bayhaqi with a saheeh isnaad)

2 – Saying the tasleem after two rak’ahs, then praying one rak’ah on its own, because of the report narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه), that he used to separate the two rak’ahs from the single rak’ah with a tasleem, and he said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to do that.

(Narrated by Ibn Hibbaan (2435); Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath (2/482): its isnaad is qawiy (strong))

If a person prays Witr with five or seven rak’ahs

If a person prays Witr with five or seven rak’ahs, then they should be continuous, and he should only recite one tashahhud in the last of them and say the tasleem, because of the report narrated by ‘Aa’ishah (رضي الله عنها) who said: The Messenger of Allâh (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to pray thirteen rak’ahs at night, praying five rak’ahs of Witr, in which he would not sit except in the last rak’ah. (Muslim, 737)

And it was narrated that Umm Salamah (رضي الله عنها) said: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to pray Witr with five or seven (rak’ahs) and he did not separate between them with any salaam or words.

(Narrated by Ahmad, 6/290; al-Nasaa’i, 1714. al-Nawawi said: Its isnaad is jayyid. Al-Fath al-Rabbaani, 2/297. and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i)

If a person prays Witr with Nine rak’ahs

If he prays Witr with nine rak’ahs, then they should be continuous and he should sit to recite the tashahhud in the eighth rak’ah, then stand up and not say the tasleem, then he should recite the tashahhud in the ninth rak’ah and then say the tasleem.

It was narrated in Muslim (746) from ‘Aa’ishah (رضي الله عنها) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to pray nine rak’ahs in which he did not sit except in the eighth, when he would remember Allâh, praise Him and call upon Him, then he would get up and not say the tasleem, and he would stand up and pray the ninth (rak’ah), then he would sit and remember Allâh and praise Him and call upon Him, then he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would say a tasleem that we could hear.

If a person prayed Witr with eleven rak’ahs, he would say the tasleem after each two rak’ahs, then pray one rak’ah at the end.

Recitation during three rak’ahs of Witr

Al-Nasaa’i (1729) narrated that Ubayy ibn Ka’b (رضي الله عنه) said:

The Messenger of Allâh (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to recite in Witr Sabbih isma rabbika al-‘a’la (Surah al-A’la 87), Qul yaa ayyuha’l-kaafiroon (Surah al-Kaafiroon 109) and Qul Huwa Allâhu ahad (Surah al-Ikhlaas 112).

The Sunnah (supererogatory) acts of prayer — January 9, 2012

The Sunnah (supererogatory) acts of prayer

The supererogatory acts of prayer are many. Some of them are as follows:

  • The opening dua of the prayer (Istiftaah).
  • Placing the right hand over the left with both over the chest while I the standing position before and after the Ruku’.
  • Raising the hands up to the level of the sholders or near the ears with the fingers being close together (not separated) when saying Allahu Akbar at the beginning of the prayer, when performing the Ruku’, when resuming the standing position after Ruku’ and when standing to begin the third unit (rak’ah) of the prayer after the first Tashahhud.
  • Saying “Subhaana Rabbi Al-Atheem and Subhaana Rabbi Al-A’la more than once in Ruku’ and Sujud, respectively.
  • Whatever additional dhikr or dua (supplication) one makes after saying (Rabbanaa Wa Lakal-Hamd) upon rising from the Ruku’ and any repetition of the duas said between the two prostrations like saying: “Rabbighfir li warhamni wahdini warzuqni Wa ‘Aafini, waburni” meaning (O’ Allah, grant me forgiveness, have mercy on me, guide me, provide me with your blessings and console me).
  • Bowing down making the head and back on one level during the Ruku’ position.
  • While prostrating (sujud), the arms should not be close to the sides nor the abdomen to the thighs or the thighs to the legs.
  • Raising the arms above the ground during prostration.
  • Sitting between prostrations on the outer side of the left foot (i, e laying it flat) keeping the right foot erected with the internal pars of the toes touching the ground. The same position is to be taken while sitting in the first part of Tashahhud.
  • Taking the position of “Tawarruk” during the recitation of the last Tashahhud of the three units and four units prayers: the person sits on his left foot laid down with his right foot erected.
  • Pointing the index finger during the first and second Tashahhud right from when he sits till the end of the Tashahhud and moving it while making du’a.
  • Praying for the Prophet and the family of Muhammad, Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim (as in Tashahhud) (Peace be upon them).
  • Making du’a following the recitation of the last Tashahhud.
  • Performing the early morning Prayer (Fajr) and the first two units of sunset (Maghrib) and the evening prayer (Ishaa) with an audible voice.
  • Whispering the recitation in the noon (Thuhr), late afternoon (Asr), the third raka’ of the sunset (Masghrib) prayer and the last two raka’ahs of the evening prayers.
  • Reciting another passage from the Qur’an after the opening Surah Al-Fatihah.
  • Placing the hands on the two knees with the fingers being separated during Ruku’ position.
  • Any additional dhikr or du’a one makes after saying ‘Rabbanaa Wa Lakal-Hamd’ upon rising from the Ruku’ with respect to the Imam, the one praying behind him and the individual (one praying alone).

The Tashahhud is in two parts:

Part one: to say “Attahiyyaatu lallaahi wassalawaatu wattayyibaat, As-salaamu ‘Alan-nabee wa rahmatu-llahi wa barakatuh, Assalamu alayna wa a’la ibad illahis-saalihin, Ash-hadu al- laa ilaaha illallaah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Abuhu wa Rasulah.”

Part Two: to pray and seek for blessings from Allah on behalf of the holy prophet (p) by saying:

“Allaaumma Salli ‘alaa Muhammad Wa ‘alaa a’ali Muhammad kama Sallaita ‘ala Ibraheema Wa ‘ala a’ali Ibraheem Innaka Hameedun Majeed. Wa Baarik ‘alaa Muhammad Wa ‘alaa a’ali Muhammad kama baarakta ‘alaa Ibraheema wa ‘ala a’al Ibraheem Innaka Hameedun Majeed.”

10 common mistakes in Prayer (Salah) — December 31, 2011

10 common mistakes in Prayer (Salah)

Salat (Salah, Namaz) or Prayer is the most important pillar of Islam which will be questioned on the day of Resurrection. Performing Prayers is obligatory for every adult Muslim. Salah is a ritual prayer having prescribed conditions and one must perform Salaah while fulfilling those conditions. Many times we perform Prayers or Salah as a practice or a part of habit only but tend to forget the basic essence of Salah and make many mistakes during Prayers. 10 common mistakes and errors in Prayers or Salah are discussed:

1. Delaying the Salah intentionally:

 While being busy in worldly affairs we often delay the Salah from its preferred time. This is the most common mistake in Prayer made by most of us. We think that Praying is last thing to do and we must attend to other matters first. Many workers delay Zuhr and Asr Prayer till night-time. Qur’an speaks strictly on guarding our Salat:

“Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. Asr Prayers)” [2:238]

Here to safeguard the Salat means to perform it at its prescribed time and to be steadfast upon it.

Narrated Ibn Umar (R.A): Allah’s Messenger (P.B.U.H) said: “Whoever misses the Asr prayers (intentionally), then it is as if he lost his family and property.” [Al-Bukhari]

Another Hadith explains the importance of praying on time:

Narrated Abu Al-Malih (R.A): “We were with Buraidah in a battle on a cloudy day and he said, “Offer the Asr prayer early as the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, “Whoever omits the Asr prayer, all his (good) deeds will be lost.” [Al-Bukhari]

2. Reciting Holy Quran fast in the Prayers: 

We must pause and take breaks while reciting Holy Quran during Salat. We should not recite the Surah’s so fast that that the verse get intermingled. One of the Hadith emphasizes this issue:

“The Prophet (P.B.U.H) used to pause after each verse of Surah al-Fatiha. [Abu Dawood]

3. Moving before the Imam in congregational prayers: 

One should not race with the imam i.e. try to move before the Imam or with the Imam because the correct ruling is when Imam says Allahu Akbar, then the person who’s following the Imam in Prayers should say Allahu Akbar. Not before Imam or with Imam. Like this Hadith of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) states:

“Surely the imam is there to be followed” [Muslim]

Another Hadith states:

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “Does not the one who raises his head before the Imam does fear that Allah would transform his head into a donkey’s head” [Muslim]

4. Performing the Salah hastily: 

Salat should be performed slowly and calmly. Rukoo or Sujood must be performed unhurriedly. In order to complete the Rukoo one must stay in Rukoo posture long enough to recite “Subhan Rabbi yal Adtheem” at least three times. In the same manner, for the Sujood the person should say “Subhan-na Rabbi yal-ala” three times slowly. This Hadith commands to complete the Rukoo and Sujood in proper manner:

The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) said: “The worst thief is the one who steals from his own prayer.” People asked: ‘Messenger of Allah! How could one steal from his own prayer?’ He said: “By not completing its rukoo and sujood” [at-Tabarani]

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “He who does not complete his rukoo and sujood, his prayer is void” [Abu Dawood]

perform sujood in Salah, Salat or prayer

5. Gazing right, left or upward during Salat: 

While performing Salah, one should concentrate on looking to the point where the head is placed during Sujood rather than looking upwards. Because this may lose concentration. In the Hadith recorded by Sahih Muslim the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said:

“Let those who raise their gaze up during prayer stop doing so, or else their sights would not return to them” (i.e. they will lose their eyesight) [Muslim]

6. Performing Sujood improperly:

Most common mistake observed in Prayers is to perform Sujood by resting only the tip of head on floor.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “I am commanded to prostrate on seven bones the forehead and the nose, the two hands [palms], the two knees, and the two feet” [Muslim]

7. Not performing Prayers during illness or while traveling: 

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) always used to perform Prayers even during His last days before death. He (P.B.U.H) never neglected it even during combats. Prayer is obligatory and must be performed in any condition. If a person cannot perform ablution due to his illness then he may perform tayammum (dry ablution). If he cannot stand in prayer, he may perform Salah while sitting or even laying down. Same is the case while traveling. The person can combine 2 Salah while traveling i.e. Zuhr Prayer and Asr Prayer. or Maghrib Prayer and Isha Prayer.

8. Crossing in front of a person who is performing Salah:

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “Were the one who crosses in front of a praying person to know the consequences of doing so, he would have waited for forty better than to cross in front of him” [Bukhari]

9. Going to Mosque for performing Salah with rapid walk: 

When the time of Prayer has approached and some person has fear that he might miss his Salah; for the fear of that most of us try to walk quickly or run for the fear of missing some part of the prayer. This is not allowed according to Hadith:

The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) said: “When prayer has already started, do not walk quickly to join in. Proceed calmly and reposefully; then join in whichever part you catch up, and complete whichever part you missed” [Bukhari and Muslim]

10. Eating food of bad smell before performing Prayers: 

Consuming foods that have bad smell like the garlic or onion etc. should not be taken before the Salah because the bad smell may irritate the angels and the praying people.

The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “He who eats from the smelly plant [garlic or onion], let him come not near our mosque; the angels are bothered by that which bothers men” [Muslim]

May Allah guide us to perform our Salah perfectly and help us to guard our Salat so when on the Day of Judgment we are questioned about our prayers, we may succeed. Ameen.

Punishment for missing Salah – Part 2 — December 25, 2011

Punishment for missing Salah – Part 2

HADITH BY RASUL S.A.W: ONE WHO MISS THE PRAYERS WILL RECEIVE 15 PUNISHMENT FROM ALLAH SWT. 6 PUNISHMENT IN THIS LIFE TIME, 3 WHILE DYING, 3 IN THE GRAVE AND 3 ON THE DAY OF THE JUDGEMENT 

6 PUNISHMENTS IN HIS LIFE TIME: 

1. ALLAHU TA’ALA TAKES AWAY BLESSING FROM HIS AGE ( MAKES HIS LIFE MISFORTUNE) 

2. ALLAH DOES NOT ACCEPT HIS DUAS/ PLEAS 

3. ALLAH SWT ERASES THE FEATURES OF GOOD PEOPLE FROM HIS FACE 

4. HE WILL BE DETESTED BY ALL CREATURES ON EARTH 

5. ALLAH DOE NOT AWARD HIM FOR ANY GOOD DEEDS HE/SHE DOES ( NO THAWAB) 

6. FINALLY HE WILL NOT BE INCLUDED THE DUA’S OF GOOD PEOPLE 

THE 3 PUSNISHMENT WHILE DYING: 

1. HE DiES HUMILIATED 

2. HE DiES HUNGRY 

3.HE DiES THIRSTY, EVEN IF HE DRINKS THE WATERS OF ALL THE SEAS HE WILL STILL BE THIRSTY 

THE 3 PUNISHMENTS IN THE GRAVE: 

1. ALAHU TA’ALA TIGHTENS HIS GRAVE UNTIL HIS CHEST RIBS CROSS EACH OTHERS 

2. ALLAH POURS ON HIM FIRE WITH EMBERS 
3. ALLAH SETS ON HIM A SNAKE CALLED “THE BRAVE”. “THE BOLD” WHICH HITS HIM FROM MORNING UNTILL AFTERNOON FOR LEAVING FAJR PRAYER, FROM THE AFTERNOON UNTILL ASR FOR LEAVING DHUHR PRAYER AND SO ON. WITH EACH STRIKE HE SINKS 70 YARDS UNDER THE GROUND 

* THOSE WHO DO NOT SAY THEIR PRAYERS OF 

FAJAR: THE GLOW OF THEIR FACES IS TAKEN AWAY. 

DHUHR: THE BLESSING OF THEIR INCOME IS TAKEN AWAY 

ASAR: THE STRENGH OF THEIR BODY IS TAKEN AWAY 

MAGRIB: THEY ARE NOT BENEFITED BY THEIR CHILDREN 

ISHA: THE PEACE OF THEIR SLEEP IS TAKEN AWAY

THE HOLLY QURAN “SAY YOUR PRAYERS BEFORE PRAYERS FOR YOU ARE SAID” 

Allah swt knows best.

Punishment for missing Salah – Part 1 —

Punishment for missing Salah – Part 1

Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) is reported to have said, “A person neglecting his Salaah (even though he makes it up later) shall remain in Jahannam for a period of one huqb. A Huqb is equal to eighty years of three hundred and sixty days each, and a day in Akhirah shall equal one thousand years of this world.” Huqb literally means a very long time; in most Ahadith it is explained as being eighty years as given above.

Abu al-Layth al-Samarqandi is responsible for the Hadith in which Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) is reported to have said, “The name of a person who neglects even a single obligatory Salaah intentionally is written on the gate of Jahannam, which he must enter.”

Ibn Abbas (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that once Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) said, “Ask Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) to cause not anyone of us to be an unfortunate penniless.” He then said: “Do you know who is an unfortunate penniless?” At the request of the Sahabah he explained to them, saying, “An unfortunate penniless is he who neglects his Salaah. In Islam there is nothing for him.” In another Hadith it is said, “Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) will not care a bit for the person who has been neglecting Salaah intentionally and for him shall be an awful punishment.

Conversely, deliberately missing prayers is an enormity, an action that is both punishable by a legal penalty in this world, and divine punishment in the Hereafter.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The agreement that is between us and them is the prayer: whoever leaves it has disbelieved.” [Reliance, p4.2]

In another hadith, it is narrated on the authority of Abu Zubair that he heard Jabir b. ‘Abdullah saying, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings be upon him) observing this,’ “Between man and polytheism and unbelief is the abandonment of salat.” [Muslim]

Rewards of performing Salah. —

Rewards of performing Salah.

Abu Zarr (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that once our Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) came out of his house. It was autumn and the leaves were falling from the trees. He caught hold of a branch of a tree and its leaves began to drop in large number. At this he remarked, “O Abu Zarr! When a Muslim offers his Salaah to please Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) his sins fall away from him just as these leaves are falling off this tree.”

In autumn, usually, the leaves of the trees fall in large number, so much so that on some trees not a single leaf is left behind. The same is the effect of Salaah performed with sincerity and devotion. All the sins of the person offering Salaah are wiped off. It should, however, be remembered that according to scholars of Islamic law, only the smaller sins are forgiven by the performance of Salaah and such other practices. The major sins are not forgiven without repentance. We should, therefore, in addition to saying Salaah, be Particular about repenting and asking for Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala)’s forgiveness. Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) may, however, pardon, by His bountiful Grace, even the major sins of any person, because of his Salaah

Salaah Washes Away Sins.

Abu Hurairah (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that once Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) asked his Sahabah, “Do you believe that dirt can remain on a person bathing five times a day in a stream running in front of his door?” “No,” replied the Sahabah, “no dirt can remain on his body.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) remarked: “So, exactly similar is the effect of salaah offered five times a day. With the Grace of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) it washes away all the sins.”

Jabir (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) saying: “The likeness of five times daily salaah is of a deep stream running in front of the door of a person who bathes therein five times a day.”

Running water is generally free from dirt, and the deeper it runs the cleaner and purer it is. A bath in such water surely removes dirt from the body and makes it clean. Salaah offered with due regard for its essentials similarly cleanses the soul of all sins. There are several Ahadith of the same meaning, though with slight variations in expression, narrated by different Sahabah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) .

Abu Saeed Khudree (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) saying: “Each of the five Salaah covers up the sins committed since the salaah preceding it. To explain, let us take the case of a person working in a factory. His job is such that his body gets covered with dust. But there are five streams of running water in between the factory and his house and, on his return from the job, he takes a bath in each stream. The effect of five times daily salaah is quite similar. Any sins of omission and commission between two Salaah are forgiven on account of asking for Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) forgiveness and repentance in each salaah.”

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) through such examples aims at impressing that salaah has the wonderful power of removing the sins. If we fail to avail of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) Rahmah, surely we ourselves are the losers.

Abu Zuhayr ‘Umara ibn Ruwayba said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘No one who used to pray before the rising of the sun and before its setting will enter the Fire,” meaning Fajr and ‘Asr.” [Muslim]

Jundub ibn Sufyan reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who prays the Subh prayer is in Allah’s keeping. O son of Adam, watch out that Allah does not demand from you anything that is in His keeping.” [Muslim]

To err is human. We are likely to commit innumerable acts displeasing Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) and deserve thereby His wrath and punishment. But look how merciful our dear Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) is! He has most graciously shown us the way to earn His mercy and forgiveness. It is a great pity if we do not avail of this great favor. Our Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) is always eager to show us His mercy on very small matters. It is said in a Hadith that if a person goes to bed with the intention of getting up for Tahajjud and ,by chance, does not wake up, he receives the full reward for Tahajjud, although he has been enjoying his sleep at the time of Tahajjud. How boundless is the grace of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) and what a tremendous loss and deprivation if we do not receive blessings from such a Giver.

From the Works of Shaikul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya

Tips for the Grave :-l — November 28, 2011

Tips for the Grave :-l

In the grave, people cannot do any more good things for themselves. Their deeds and actions would be over. Hence, it is recommended that they do something good while they are alive before they go to the grave. There arecertain items that they can do while alive which follow them in the grave. These good deeds aill supply them with reward while they will be in the grave. Some of these good things are ropored in this hadith as narrated by Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) sayin that the Prophet (SAW) said :

When a child of Adamdies, his deeds are over except through three things : perpetual charity, u useful knowledge, or a good child to pray for him.

Since all of us are to die and we have to live inside the grave, it is better that we help one another now and later. The following is a partial list of what we can do for one another:

  1. Make du’a’ of forgiveness and mercy for deceased.
  2. Give charity (sadaqah) and zakat on behalf of the deceased.
  3. Perform Hajj (pilgrimage) on their behalf.
  4. Perform extra salat on their behalf
  5. Give water to the thirsty people on behalf of the deceased.
  6. Fast any number of days outside the month of Ramadan for the deceased.
  7. Read Qur’an on their behalf.
  8. Teach Qur’an or request someone to teach Qur’an on their behalf.
  9. Spread knowledge through TV, radio, books and other literature on their behalf.
  10. Remember the good deeds of the deceased. Remind yourselves about the good achievements of the deceased. We are not to remember or even to mention their mistakes.

All of us are in need of these while we are in the graves. Otherwise, we may be penalized daily. We may cry for help nut in vain. Allah may allow the soul of the deceased to come over in our dreams to remind us of their needs for our du’a’ and other good deeds on their behalf. I hope and pray that we do something good for the deceased before we ourselves go to our graves.

By Dr. Ahmad H. Sakr

Do you wake up for Salat Al-Fajr? — October 31, 2011
The voluntary prayers of the Prophet (SAW) — August 18, 2011

The voluntary prayers of the Prophet (SAW)

  • He used to pray 2 rakah before the obligatory Fajr prayers, 4 rakahs before Dhuhr, 2 rakahs after Dhuhr, 2 rakahs after Magrib, and 2 rakahs after Isha prayers; these voluntary prayers of the Prophet (saws) are known as the Sunnah Muakkedah prayers for us.
  • The Messenger of Allah (saws) used to pray the late-night prayers which Allah Subhanah has made ‘fard’ for him, but ‘nafl’ or voluntary for the believers.
  • The Messenger of Allah (saws) always made the last prayers of his night as the ‘witr’ prayers.
  • At times, the Messenger of Allah (saws) used to pray the Salaat-ud-Duhaa, which is a 2 rakah prayer about half an hour after the rising of the sun in the morning.